The son and student of the painter-aquarellist Philippe Vinckboons (? -1601). Following the Spanish occupation of Antwerp, in 1586, and the prosecutions suffered by the protestants, he moved to Amsterdam with his family.

Following the tradition of his home town in Flanders, he made genre paintings, introducing in Holland depictions of villagers and their festivals, their daily life, even their relations with the Spanish soldiers. He also made historical and religious paintings and left a great number of drawings, most by which were reproduced in engravings.

His paintings portraying groups of figures merrily eating, drinking and flirting in rural landscapes were very popular and as a subject influenced several Dutch painters in the early decades of the 17th century.